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• Cystic fibrosis is an inherited condition that affects the lungs and digestive system.
• It is caused by a defective gene and can lead to breathing difficulties, frequent lung infections, and poor digestion of food.
• Treatment for cystic fibrosis includes medications and therapies to help manage symptoms and improve quality of life.

What Is Cystic Fibrosis?

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inherited disorder that affects the lungs and digestive system. It occurs when a person has two copies of the defective CFTR gene, which causes the body to produce thick mucus that clogs the lungs, leading to difficulty breathing and frequent lung infections. The thick mucus also blocks ducts in the pancreas, preventing enzymes from breaking down food properly, which can result in poor digestion of fats and proteins.

Signs & Symptoms

Symptoms of cystic fibrosis vary from person to person but generally include difficulty breathing, frequent lung infections such as pneumonia or bronchitis, poor growth due to malabsorption of nutrients from food, salty-tasting skin due to excessive sweating, delayed puberty in males due to low hormone levels, coughing up large amounts of mucus or blood from time to time, clubbing (enlargement) of fingertips or toes due to low oxygen levels in the blood vessels at those parts of body etc. Other symptoms may include greasy stools with foul odor due to problems digesting fat; abdominal pain; liver disease; diabetes; nasal polyps; sinus infections etc.

Diagnosis & Tests

Doctors diagnose cystic fibrosis through genetic testing or sweat tests that measure levels of chloride ions present in sweat produced by someone with CF compared with sweat produced by a healthy individual. Other tests used for diagnosis include chest x-rays or CT scans used to look for abnormalities in the lungs; pulmonary function tests measuring how well air moves through the lungs; sputum culture tests looking for bacteria that cause infection; stool samples looking for certain enzymes produced by pancreas etc.

Treatment & Management

The main aim of treatment is managing symptoms while improving quality of life as much as possible. This may involve taking medications such as antibiotics and aerosols designed specifically for treating CF patients’ lung infections; inhaled medicines helps thin out mucus clogging airways so it can be coughed up more easily; physical therapy exercises designed specifically for CF patients help loosen mucus buildup in their lungs etc.; nutritional counseling helps ensure proper nutrition intake despite any digestive problems caused by CF etc.. In addition, there are some treatments available like stem cell transplantation which has been shown to be beneficial in some cases though it’s still experimental at this point .

Living With Cystic Fibrosis

It’s important for people living with cystic fibrosis take steps towards maintaining good health such as eating nutritious meals regularly; exercising regularly under doctor’s supervision if possible ; avoiding smoking/secondhand smoke exposure etc., getting vaccinated against common illnesses such as flu or pneumonia ; having regular checkups with their healthcare provider ; joining support groups where they can meet other people who have similar experiences ; obtaining emotional support from family members/friends wherever possible ,etc . By following these tips , people affected by CF can lead relatively normal lives even though there is no cure yet .


Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disorder affecting both respiratory and digestive systems causing difficulty breathing , frequent lung infections ,poor digestion leading to malabsorption , cough producing large amounts of mucus , salt tasting skin due prolonged sweating among other signs/symptoms . Diagnosis involves genetic testing/sweat test followed by other imaging/laboratory testing if needed. Treatment focuses on managing symptoms while improving quality of life including medications ,therapies like physical therapy exercises ,stem cell transplantation(experimental) along with lifestyle changes such as eating nutritious meals regularly ,avoiding smoking/second hand smoke exposure among other things .